Treatment for Diabetes Is relatively simple once it has been diagnosed, and is usually self administerd.
Blood glucose levels are monitored using electronic Blood Glucose Meters To keep patients within 'safe' limits.
Treatment for Type 1:
Is usually by Insulin injection or pump, testing, sometimes several times a day, is also required to keep between the parameters, because things can go wrong very quickly.
Without a pancreatic transplant (Very rare. Very Dangerous). This regime must be maintained for life.
The longest surviving Type 1 is over 83.
Treatment for Type 2:
Firstly, for type 2 diet and excercise, are at the top of the list. (Same for Type 1).
Increasing activity, and reducing Carbohydrate intake, is often enough to reduce insulin resistance.
Even with a small amount of weight loss (5-10 pounds) especially if its Visceral fat.
If this isn't enough the next step is Antidiabetic Drugs.
As insulin production is usually only mildly impaired, you can be given drugs that
stimulate the pancreas into producing more.
These are called Sulphonylureas
Another form of drug treatment is by Thiazolidinediones (or Glitazones)
These increase your bodys sensitivity to insulin so the cells will absorb more glucose for the same amount of insulin in the blood.
Lowers blood glucose levels by suppressing the liver, slowing down its glucose production.
It also, increases the sensitivity of the cells to glucose, allowing them to take up more glucose for the same concentration of Insulin in the blood
Metformin is usually the first choice for treatment especially if the patient is overweight.
All of the above treatments can be administered orally, so no injections. (Yippee)
So If you are suffering from any of the symptoms of, or have been diagnosed with, Type 2...
TAKE MORE EXERCISE
EAT A HEALTHY DIET
This also goes for Type 1 and Pre-D
Obey the rules and things will be fine